June 05, 2010


ping 命令用法和功能比较简单,主要总结 ping 不通的原因:

2.错误的 ip 地址设置,如果两个接口设置的 ip 地址在同一个网段,主机不知道从哪个接口发出数据包。


比较常用的选项有/all(所有配置信息) /release(释放通过 dhcp 获得地址参数) /renew (从新获取地址)。另外还可以查看 dns 缓存的一些信息。



ROUTE [-f] [-p] [command [destination]
[MASK netmask] [gateway] [METRIC metric] [IF interface]

-f           Clears the routing tables of all gateway entries. If this is
used in conjunction with one of the commands, the tables are
cleared prior to running the command.
-p           When used with the ADD command, makes a route persistent across
boots of the system. By default, routes are not preserved
when the system is restarted. Ignored for all other commands,
which always affect the appropriate persistent routes. This
option is not supported in Windows 95.
command      One of these:
PRINT     Prints a route
ADD       Adds    a route
DELETE    Deletes a route
CHANGE    Modifies an existing route
destination Specifies the host.
MASK         Specifies that the next parameter is the 'netmask' value.
netmask      Specifies a subnet mask value for this route entry.
If not specified, it defaults to
gateway      Specifies gateway.
interface    the interface number for the specified route.
METRIC       specifies the metric, ie. cost for the destination.



一个比 ping 强大的工具,基本原理是 tracert 发送包含目的地址的数据包,只是生存时间 ttl 从 1 一直增大到能到达目的地址为止。从而收到沿途经过的路由器们的地址,打印显示。有个参数 -d 不解析 ip 地址。